Microflora specifica isolata dai grani di kefir

11/04/2011
LACTOBACILLI STREPTOCOCCI/LACTOCOCCI
Lb. acidophilus Lactococci lactis subsp. lactis
Lb. brevis Lc. lactis var. diacetylactis
Lb. casei Lc. lactis subsp. cremoris
Lb. casei subsp. rhamnosus Streptococci salivarius subsp. thermophilus
Lb. casei subsp. pseudoplantarum Strep. lactis
Lb. paracasei subsp. paracasei Enterococcus durans
Lb. cellobiosusLb. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricu Leuconostoc cremoris
sLb. delbrueckii subsp. lactis Leuc. mesenteroides
Lb. fructivoransLb. helveticus subsp. lactis
Lb. hilgardiiLb. kefiri
Lb. kefiranofaciens [reclassification as L. kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum subsp. nov]*
Lb. kefirgranum sp. nov**
Lb. parakefir sp. nov**
Lb. lactisLb. plantarum
LIEVITI ACETOBACTER
C. pseudotropicalis Acetobacters aceti
C. rancens A. rasens
C. tenuis
Kluyveromyces lactis
Kluyveromyces marxianus var. marxianus
K. bulgaricus
K. fragilis / marxianus
Saccharomyces subsp. Torulopsis holmii
Saccharomyces lactis
Sacc. carlsbergensis
Sacc. unisporus
Debaryomyces hansenii***
Zygosaccharomyces rouxii***
PERCENTUALI DI PRESENZA DEI DIVERSI FERMENTI
Bacilli 62-69%
Cocchi 11- 12%
Lieviti 16- 20%
SEQUENZA DI SVILUPPO NELLA COMUNITA' SIMBIOTICA KEFIR
Lactococci > Lactobacilli > Leuconostoc > Lieviti > Acetobacter

Bibliografia:

Encyclopaedia of Food Science, Food Technology and Nutrition [1993] [pp. 1804-1808] Edited by R. Macrae, R.K. Robinson, M.J. Sadler
* Vancanneyt M, Mengaud J, Cleenwerck I, Vanhonacker K, Hoste B, Dawyndt P, Degivry MC, Ringuet D, Janssens D, Swings J [2004]. Reclassification of Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994 as Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum subsp. nov. and emended description of L. kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2004 Mar;54(Pt 2):551-6.
** International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 44 (3) 435-439 [1994]
*** T Loretana, JF Mosterta and BC Viljoen [2003] Microbial flora associated with South